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?        God establishes Sabbath at end of Creation Week

2450      The Flood

2000      Seven-day week in Sumerian civilization prior to this date            

1950-1775           Abraham keeps God's commandments    

1450      The Exodus

1450      Israelites get manna six days a week; none on Sabbath

1450      God writes the Ten Commandments on stone tablets

1011-971             King David rules Israel

1011-971             King David rules Israel

626-586               Jeremiah the prophet (years of ministry)

620-530               Lifetime of Daniel the prophet

605-536               Jewish nation in exile

500 BC: Completion of All Original Hebrew Manuscripts which make up The 39 Books of the Old Testament.        

500        Birth of Buddhism

445        Nehemiah to Jerusalem to rebuild city, reform Sabbathkeeping

331        Alexander the Great overthrows Persian Empire

170        Antiochus IV tries to eradicate Jewish practices - including Sabbath observance

30           Roman Emperor Octavian dedicates captured Egyptian obelisk to the sun god

4             Birth of Jesus    

31           Crucifixion of Jesus

64           Nero burns Rome(?), persecutes Christians

70           Jerusalem destroyed by Roman army under Titus

79           Vesuvius erupts

90-99     Synagogue prayer devised to help identify Sabbath-keeping Christians who worshipped in synagogues with Jews

115-140               Epistle of Barnabas written in Alexandria; first anti-Sabbath literature

115-140               Christians in Alexandria replace Sabbath with Sunday

135        Jerusalem destroyed again; Jewish religion banned

144        Marcion, first great "Christian" heretic, promotes Sabbath fast

150        Justin Martyr reports Sunday observance by Roman Christians

200 BC: Completion of the Septuagint Greek Manuscripts which contain The 39 Old Testament Books AND 14 Apocrypha Books.

218-222               Emperor Elagabalus brings Syrian sun worship to Rome

270-275               Emperor Aurelian establishes sun worship as state religion of Rome

284-305               Emperor Diocletian worships the sun and persecutes Christians

284-305               Emperor Diocletian worships the sun and persecutes Christians

306-337               Constantine - first Roman emperor to adopt Christian religion

313        Constantine legalizes Christian religion

314-335               Pope Sylvester I promotes anti-Jewish Sabbath fast

320        According to Ethiopian church tradition two Syrian youth, Frumentius and Edesius are taken as slaves to the imperial court at about this time; they eventually plant the Christian faith there; Frumentius becomes first patriarch of Ethiopia

321        Edict of Constantine: first law concerning Sunday observance

343-381               Council of Laodicea authorizes reading of Gospels at Sabbath services; condemns Jewish form of Sabbath observance

364        Ambrose, bishop of Milan, prefers not to fast on Sabbath

389-461               Life of Patrick, Celtic Christian missionary to Ireland

389-461               Life of Patrick, Celtic Christian missionary to Ireland          

521-597               Life of Columba, Celtic Christian missionary to Scotland

570-632               Life of Muhammed, founder of Islam

590-604               Pope Gregory I identifies Sabbath keepers with anti-christ

692        Council in Trullo (Quinisext) condemns the Sabbath fas 

800        "Epistle of Jesus" ("Letter from Heaven") arrives in Ireland during this century

867        Photius, Patriarch of Constantinople, denounces Roman Catholic promotion of the Sabbath fast     

1054      The "Great Schism" splits Roman Catholic - Greek Orthodox churches

1066      Norman Conquest of England

1070      Margaret, Queen of Scotland, initiates reform of Sunday observance there

1096      First Crusade      

1201      Eustace of Flay takes "Letter from Heaven" to England to encourage reform of Sunday observance there

1208      Pope Innocent III proclaims a Crusade against the Albigensian heretics of southern France

1215      King John (England) signs the Magna Carta, the charter of English liberties

1231      Pope Gregory IX establishes the medieval Inquisition

1273-1352           Life of Ewostatewos (Eustathius), Ethiopian reform who called for revival of traditional Sabbath observance in Ethiopia

1347-1351           The Black Death (first onset)

1350      Strigolniks in Novgorod, Russia, observe the seventh-day Sabbath

1382      John Wycliffe and colleagues produce first English translation of Bible

1324-1384           Life of John Wycliffe, popular English "reformer" 

1401      English Parliament passed "Act for the Burning of Heretics"

1402      Lollard John Seygno tried in English court for, among other things, observing seventh-day Sabbath

1414-1418           Roman Catholic Council of Constance resolves multi-pope issue, orders burning of John Hus

1428      John Wycliffe's bones exhumed, burned, ashes scattered

1431-1435           Roman Catholic Council of Basel condemns Sabbath observance by Jewish converts

1435      Forced conversion of Jews in Spain

1435      Roman Catholic church council in Bergen, Norway, condemns Sabbath observance in that country

1469      Marriage of Ferdinand and Isabella unite kingdoms of Aragon and Castille to form new kingdom of Spain

1475-1504           Russian reform movement includes observance of seventh-day Sabbath

1478      Pope Sixtus IV grants Queen Isabella's request, authorizes the Spanish Inquisition

1481      First "auto-da-fe" (public trial) of Spanish Inquisition

1491-1547           Reign of Henry VIII of England

1490      Russian Orthodox Council of Moscow condemns pro-Sabbath reformers

1492      Expulsion of Jews from Spain

1492      Christopher Columbus "discovers" America

1497      Forced conversion of Jews in Portugal

1497-1499           Vasco da Gama opens sea route from Europe to India       

1491-1547           Reign of Henry VIII of England

1504      Ivan Kuritsin and other Sabbath-keeping reformers are burned to death in Moscow

1517      Martin Luther posts his 95 Theses, starts Protestant Reformation

1518      Martin Luther appeals to pope for a general church council

1529      Andreas Fischer, Sabbath-keeping Anabaptist preacher, survives hanging at Tschitschva Castle

1534      Henry VIII separates English church from Rome

1540      Andreas Fischer is murdered in Slovakia

1541      Christavao da Gama leads 400 Portuguese troops to Africa to help defend Christian Ethiopia against Moslem invaders

1542      Francis Xavier, early Jesuit missionary, arrives in India to begin evangelizing the East

1544      Christian III, king of Denmark and Norway, imposes fines for keeping the seventh-day Sabbath in his realm

1545-1563           Roman Catholic Council of Trent affirms authority of tradition, church's right to "change" the Sabbath

1546      Oswald Glaidt, former Sabbatarian Anabaptist partner of Andreas Fischer, is executed by drowning at Vienna

1551      Russian Orthodox "Council of 100 Chapters" approves seventh-day Sabbath worship in Russian churches

1553-1558 Reign of Queen Mary I (England); she tries to reestablish Roman Catholic Church in her realm

1558-1603           Reign of Queen Elizabeth (England)

1560      Portuguese Inquistion is established in Goa

1560      Constantino Ponce de la Fuenta, Spanish priest who taught observance of seventh-day Sabbath, dies in Inquisition prison

1588      Defeat of Spanish Armada off the coast of England

1598      King Henry IV (France) issues Edict of Nantes, protecting rights of French Protestants (Huguenots)

1617      John Traske, early English "Seventh-day Man," arrested in London

1618      England's King James I issues Book of Sports, promoting recreational activities on Sunday and thus infuriating Puritan preachers

1622      Ethiopian Emperor Susenyos declares Ethiopia a Catholic country

1626      Jesuit priest Afonso Mendes arrives in Ethiopia as patriarch of the Roman Catholic church in that country; advises Emperor Susenyos regarding anti-Sabbath reforms; civil war ensues

1628      Theophilus Brabourne publishes first English-language book promoting seventh-day Sabbath

1632      Ethiopian Emperor Susenyos abdicates in favor of his son, Facilidas; rescinds anti-Sabbath rules

1636      Roger Williams escapes deportation to England

1650      English Parliament orders burning of James Ockford's book advocating observance of seventh-day Sabbath

1663      King Charles II issues the Rhode Island Charter which includes the grant of religious liberty within the Rhode Island colony

1665      Stephen and Anne Mumpford arrive in Rhode Island; first known seventh-day Sabbath observers to arrive in the colonies

1671      First Seventh Day Baptist church established in America by Mumfords and friends (Newport, Rhode Island)

1682      Peter Chamberlen, prominent English physician and "Seventh-day Man," blames pope for changing the Sabbath from Saturday to Sunday

1684      Charles Dellon publishes his book, An Account of the Inquisition of Goa, describing his experience as victim of the Portuguese Inquisition

1684      Francis Bamfield, one of the "Seventh-day Men," dies in London prison after his arrest for preaching to Sabbath-keeping congregation

1720      Conrad Beisel, Sabbath-keeping founder of Ephrata Cloister, arrives in Pennsylvania

1722      Count Lugwig von Zinzendorf permits Moravian refugees to settle on his estate in eastern Germany

1742      Count Zinzendorf proposes Sabbath observance to Moravian community in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania      

1830-1895?         Life of Maniilaq, the Eskimo prophet who learned about the seventh-day Sabbath from one he called "the Grandfather"

1844      Millerite Adventists disappointed when Christ did not return during this year

1844      A handful of Millerite Adventist preachers and lay people begin to observe the seventh-day Sabbath; this leads to the eventual establishment of the Seventh-day Adventist denomination

1851-1864           Taiping Revolution in China; the Ten Commandments and observance of seventh-day Sabbath were at the heart of the movement

1859      Charles Darwin's On the Origin of the Species published

1888      Senator Henry Blair calls for a national Sunday law; his proposal never makes it out of committee for consideration by the US Congress

1896      William Saunders Crowdy founds Church of God and Saints of Christ, a Sabbath-keeping denomination  

1900      Owkwa, Amerindian village chief, learns about Sabbath, monogamy, etc., from supernatural messenger

1926      Herbert W. Armstrong accepts the seventh-day Sabbath as authentic biblical doctrine; goes on to found the Worldwide Church of God


1952 AD: The "Revised Standard Version" (RSV); said to be a Revision of the 1901 American Standard Version, though more highly criticized.

1971 AD: The "New American Standard Bible" (NASB) is Published as a "Modern and Accurate Word for Word English Translation" of the Bible.

1973 AD: The "New International Version" (NIV) is Published as a "Modern and Accurate Phrase for Phrase English Translation" of the Bible.

1982 AD: The "New King James Version" (NKJV) is Published as a "Modern English Version Maintaining the Original Style of the King James."

1990 AD: The "New Revised Standard Version" (NRSV); further revision of 1952 RSV, (itself a revision of

2002 AD: The English Standard Version (ESV) is Published as a translation to bridge the gap between the accuracy of the NASB and the readability of the NIV.

1986      Herbert W. Armstrong dies; new leaders of the Worldwide Church of God eventually renounce the seventh-day Sabbath

1998      Pope John Paul II issues apostolic letter, Dies Domini, upholding essential nature of the Sabbath but claiming the Roman Catholic Church's authority for the Saturday-Sunday change   

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